Thursday, July 14, 2011

A Study On The Effectiveness Of Using A Song In Teaching English Pronunciation To The Fourth Grade Student’s Of Elementary School

A Study On The Effectiveness Of Using A Song In Teaching English Pronunciation To The Fourth Grade Student’s Of Elementary School

Dwi Setianingsih

Language teachers can and should use songs as part of their classroom teaching repertoire. Songs contain authentic language, are easily obtainable, provide vocabulary, grammar and cultural aspects and are fun for the students. They can provide valuable speaking, listening and language practice in and out of the classroom. The purpose of this thesis are to help and to easy the student to pronounce English better. Million of students want to their English more better and when they want to speak, they must have good pronounce. One of the way to speak pronounce correctly is listening the song. That is simple way to learn how to pronounce.

Abstract. if we are conversing by abroad person that we must will get problem if we a loss to understand language which being spoken by that person. that we understand properly what do be spoken by it, better we begin to practice to utter word with every consideration and truth. easy thing that we can do be with listen song. english language song can help our to our pronunciation.

Chapter I
1. Introduction
Language is what the members of particular society speak and the society in the present time use English in most aspect of life (Wardhaugh, 1992:1). Mastering English is now a challenge for majority of people. It is because of fast transferring of culture which accelerates the development in every aspect of life, including the use of English as one of the main important language. Indonesian students are aware of the importance of English. As one of most applying language,because English language is the most used in communication. And for those who want to master English, the purpose of language itself is how to send message to others in purpose of communication.
In school and in life, students face a many of circumstances that require language skills especially in communicating with others. For this reason, experience with a variety of speaking activities in school can help learners acquire the skills they need to be successful both in school and in life. Many language learners regard communication ability as the measure of knowing a language. These learners define fluency as the ability to converse with others, much more than the ability to read, write, or comprehend oral language. They regard speaking as the most important skill they can acquire, and they assess their progress in terms oftheir accomplishments in spoken communication.

2. Theoretical Backround
English is very important for everyone. English has become International language that is using for people who visit another country. English is used people for Business, college and certain occasional. Nowadays, a person is difficult to say something in English. There are so many factors. The first, they English may be bad so they embrace to say anything in English. The second, people rare to meet tourist. so, they rare to practice their English. The third, people shy if their grammar to speak English is bad. That factors become people Indonesia is not good in speaking English. To solve that problem, the parents have to care with children’s education in the early. When children in Elementary school, parent have to concern with children’s education. Especially in English subject because when the children grow up, English will become important language. Company will looking for people who can speak English fluently. there are space to people who can speak English. There are so many vacancy for people good in English. That Vacancy like guide, teachers and other position in the big company. English will help people in the future. Especially to get job easily. Parent have to concern right now that education for children is needed for the future. Expert in English you can get scholarship in broad, you can increase your English in the board. The important of English subject is consider by some institute that open English course. The institute aware that English will become good opportunity to open course. Either Personal course or group course.

A. Students of Elementary school
Student is the person who must give education. By education one country can develop. Student should be teaching learning English when they were child. The basic that children get the English course is in the elementary school. Where in that grade student can teach English start from basic. Start from introduce alphabet, number and even if in the school have good teacher they can get the Pronunciation subject. Pronunciation actually one of the most and important to study English. Most of people ignore it. Beside that pronunciation will given student good advantage. pronunciation will give student not strange where they meet with abroad people.

B. How to learn Pronunciation
One way to learn about Pronunciation is using a song. It is one of the way that makes fun Language teachers can and should use songs as part of their classroom teaching repertoire. Songs contain authentic language, are easily obtainable, provide vocabulary, grammar and cultural aspects and are fun for the students. They can provide valuable speaking, listening and language practice in and out of the classroom. Some key reasons songs can work exceedingly well in the foreign language classroom include the following:
1. Songs almost always contain authentic, natural language. his often contrasts the contrived, stilted language found in many student texts. Of course songs can also go to the other extreme by using overly crude, foul or otherwise objectionable language. With careful screening, an extensive library of usable songs for language learning can be compiled.
2. A variety of new vocabulary can be introduced to students through songs. Looking to boost student vocabulary with useful phrases, vocabulary and expressions? Songs are almost always directed to the native-speaking population so they usually contain contemporary vocabulary, idioms and expressions.
3. Songs are usually very easily obtainable. Cibemba and Silozi non-withstanding, songs are usually not that difficult to obtain. Local sources may be available including the students themselves. There's always the internet which can connect you with song downloads in all but the most obscure languages.
4. Songs can be selected to suit the needs and interests of the students.In English especially, so many songs are available that selection of songs with suitable themes, levels and vocabulary is not at all difficult. Allowances can also be made for complexity or simplicity of language, depending on the students, by selecting and using suitable songs.
5. Grammar and cultural aspects can be introduced through songs. Most if not all songs have a recurring theme or story. So excerpting cultural elements is usually a possible, but often overlooked aspect of using songs. I still use "Hit the Road Jack" sung by the late Ray Charles to illustrate spoken contractions. He uses spoken contractions is virtually every line of the song.
6. Time length is easily controlled. Whether you have an hour, 30 minutes, or only 15 minutes or so, a song can be used in the course of a planned lesson. Use of songs is very flexible.
7. Students can experience a wide range of accents. A good thing about songs is that you can expose the students to many different kinds of English. British English, American English, Caribbean English are all widely available through songs. Accents too are well represented by songs from different regions and in a variety of types and formats. Gospel, soul, R & B, Pop, Rock, Reggae, Jazz and other styles change not only accents, but vocabulary and usage too.
8. Song lyrics can be used in relating to situations of the world around us. Songs have been used as vehicles of protest for civil rights, workers' rights, even prisoners' rights along with an untold number of other causes. They've expounded on pollution, crime, war and almost every social theme or cause. We won't even mention how many songs are about, related to or explore the theme of sex.
9. Students think songs are natural and fun. Well actually they are, aren't they? Fun, even silly songs abound in English. Some singers actually made a career out of them. (Ray Stevens, anyone?) They make offbeat, fun changes of pace with classroom use.
These are only some of the many reasons songs are useful in the language learning classroom. They contain authentic language, are easily obtainable, provide vocabulary, grammar and cultural aspects and are fun for the students. They provide enjoyable speaking, listening, vocabulary and language practice both in and out of the classroom. So EFL, English as a foreign language, ESL, English as a Second language and foreign language teachers should all consider using songs as a regular part of their classroom activities.
C. Function of song to increase Pronunciation
Song is very effective to become one way increase the vocabulary, and to increase the pronunciation. Song is very easy to find, in Radio student can find all English song. Beside that, to find the song that student wants they can download it in internet. The steps for student to practice their pronunciation by song are :
1. Find song that student want.
2. Song can be downloading in internet or can be bought in store cassette.
3. The good one, at the first time listen first then try to guess the lyric.
4. If the student have listen it, student can find the lyric.
That step can do by student to increase the pronunciation. it is more useful to increase the pronunciation of the student.

Chapter II
1. Finding Data
Pronunciation is the first thing to be learned about when learning a language in general and foreign language in particular.Some reasons for that can be stated as follows. Firstly, it is pronunciation that creates first impressions between speaker andlistener. We tend to feel like talking to those who have good or at least acceptable pronunciation. Vice versa, bad pronunciation can cause communication to break down easily. Secondly, pronunciation helps speaker to be understood. We can live without advanced grammar, wecan also live without advanced vocabulary, but we can hardly beunderstood with incorrect pronunciation. Wong, R. (1987) pointed outthat even when the non-native speakers’ vocabulary and grammar areexcellent, if their pronunciation falls below a certain threshold level,they are unable to communicate effectively. Therefore, teachingpronunciation plays a very important role in teaching a language.
The importance of pronunciation work, as a result, is being increasingly recognized in course books. There are a lot of specific pronunciation activities and effective teaching methods have been suggested. One of them is using songs. Songs can bring students greatinterest and strong motivation instead of boredom during the lesson.Besides, songs help teachers design various tasks in a foreign language classroom.
However, until now, songs if ever used in high schools, just aimat creating relaxation and change the class atmosphere after a long,hard practice, not fully exploited to teach pronunciation. Studies related to exploiting songs to teach pronunciation are limited andcarried out by foreigner researchers mainly, few by Vietnamese researchers. Therefore, further studies should be taken intoconsideration. To be more specific, the issue should be primarily investigated in the context of teaching sounds, not all the componentsof pronunciation, to 11th form students because in the curriculum, onlysounds are taught to 11thform students.
This paper on using songs to teach English sounds, in short,meets the research demand of the context. It helps offer an overviewof using songs to teach English sounds, then suggestions would alsobenefit for improving education quality in the studied context.

This study is expected to find out the attitudes of both teachersand students to using songs in teaching and learning pronunciation,especially English sounds. Secondly, the study aims at answering thequestion: whether songs have been exploited to teach English soundsat Nguyen Gia Thieu high school or not. If already, a closer lookwould be taken at the way they are used and the effects of thisapplying. In addition, subsequently, some pedagogical techniques would be detected for further exploitation of songs in the samecontext.

A. Song as Media
Learning English not only using whiteboard in front of the class. Song become a good media and technique to make student fun learn English. Student can search in Internet about the lyric or to download one song to practice their Pronunciation. Even through song, student can practice everywhere because student can put the song in MP3 that can they bring everywhere. Here the lyric of the student can follow.
B. Example Lyric of Song
Twinkle twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are
Up above the world so high
Like a diamond in the sky
Twinkle twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are

Twinkle twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are
Up above the world so high
Like a diamond in the sky
Twinkle twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are


Student must learn English with fun. To create it, teacher have to have strategy. One of the way to make student unboring with Learning English by Song. It is very useful for teacher to make student enjoy because beside learn English student can sing and can get some new vocabulary. In abovehave explain about hoe song can effect the english of student.

Sarah Cinningham and Bill Bowler, 2009, New Headway Pronunciation Course, Canada, Oxford University Press.
Colin Mortimer, 2007, Element of Pronunciation, New York, Cambridge University Press.
J.D O’Conner, 2008, Better English Pronunciation, London, Cambridge University Press.
Mark Hancock, 2008, English Pronunciation in use, Melbourne,Cambridge University Press.
Ann Baker and Sharon Goldstein, 2005, Pronunciation Pairs, New York,Cambridge University Press.

1 comment:

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