TEACHING A NARRATIVE TEXT FOR THIRD GRADE OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL THOUGH BLOGGER
by SITI MASLIA
In written cycle, there are writing aspects, writing convention and kind of writing. The students must understand the unity and coherence in a paragraph. The students should have insight about writing. The students should be effective writer in writing a paragraph. According to Barbara Fassler, writing is effective when it accomplishes its purpose for its audience ( Walvoord, Barbara E. Fassler, 1985 : 2 ). It could help them to find as fast as the ideas, inspires, grammar, and vocabulary.
Writing is the symbolic representation of language in storable graphic form, is a comparatively recent cultural development having occured within the past five thousand years and oldly in certain parts of the world(wiliam O’Grady:2005) . Narrative is one of types of writing.
In order to, learn narrative is important for student who learns English. Narrative, according to Labov ( 1972) via Riessman, Catherine K.(1993: 17) assumes all narratives are stories about a specific past event, and they have common properties ( described below ). Narrative told past event, beginning with “once upon a time” and ending “they lived happily ever after”.
A blog (short for weblog) is a personal online journal that is frequently updated and intended for general public consumption. Teaching a narrative text for third grade of senior high school through blogger will develop student skill in writing English not only that with science and technology student will learn easily. Therefore they can speak and use English well.
• To help student of first grade senior high school learn writing english
• To help teachers in teaching writing english most better
• To improve writing skill the students
METHODOLOGY AND THEORY
Narrative Theory according to some linguists as follow :
1. Labov ( 1972) via Riessman, Catherine K.(1993: 17) assumes all narratives are stories about a specific past event, and they have common properties ( described below )
2. Young (1987) Riessman, Catherine K.(1993: 17) via argued that for consequential sequencing: one event causes another in the narrative, although the links may not always be chronological.
Narrative in General Meaning as follow :
To amuse the readers/listeners with actual or imaginary experince in different ways.
Narrative Text Organization:
1. Orientation ( who were involved in the story, when and where )
2. Complication ( a problem arises and followed by other problems )
3. Resolution ( provide solution )
Definition of blogger
1. Definition of "blog:" A blog is a journal (online diary) made available on the Internet/web by any individual. Most blogs are maintained by people who know nothing about web site design or development.
2. Meaning of "blogger:" A "blogger" is a person who has and maintains a blog.
3. Meaning of "blogging?" "Blogging" is the active updating of a blog by the person who maintains the postings (usually a non-professional).
4. Definition of "blog postings:" Information posted on a blog is usually in chronological order with the most recent additions featured first.
5. What is a "weblog?:" The original term, a WeBlog is just another name for a blog. The term "blog" evolved from "web log."
6. Define Phlog: A Phlog (also known as a photo log) is a collection of photographs, photos, pictures and/or images posted by the "blogger" to a blog for the world to see.
RESULT ( FINDING DATA )
In the teaching writing for third grade of senior high school, I take one of some lesson about types text. Narrative, according to Labov ( 1972) via Riessman, Catherine K.(1993: 17) assumes all narratives are stories about a specific past event, and they have common properties ( described below ). Most scholars treat narratives as descrete units, with clear beginnings and endings, as detachable from the surrounding discourse rather than as situated events. From definition we know that narrative is story about happens in the past. An other definition, Young (1987) Riessman, Catherine K.(1993: 17) via argued that for consequential sequencing: one event causes another in the narrative, although the links may not always be chronological. Narrative told past event, beginning with “once upon a time” and ending “they lived happily ever after”. Although some writers narrative said that are classic examples in folktales of bracketing devices.
Well, that are some definition about narrative.
Narrative as learning material for teaching writing
Narrative is stories about past event. In general meaning, narrative text is to amuse the readers/listeners with actual or imaginary experince in different ways. All narrative story do in the past and has happy ending base explanation above. Narrative is also about a beautiful princess, a handsome prince, a kingdom, a gueen, and fairies.
For example, the story of Cinderela below!
Once upon a time, there was a young girl named Cinderella. She lived with her step mother and two step sisters. The step mother and sisters were conceited and bad tempered. They treated Cinderella very badly. Her step mother made Cinderella do the hardest works in the house; such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing the food for the family. The two step sisters, on the other hand, did not work about the house. Their mother gave them many handsome dresses to wear.
One day, the two step sister received an invitation to the ball that the king’s son was going to give at the palace. They were excited about this and spent so much time choosing the dresses they would wear. At last, the day of the ball came, and away went the sisters to it. Cinderella could not help crying after they had left.
“Why are crying, Cinderella?” a voice asked. She looked up and saw her fairy godmother standing beside her, “because I want so much to go to the ball” said Cinderella. “Well” said the godmother,” you’ve been such a cheerful, hardworking, uncomplaining girl that I am going to see that you do go to the ball”.
Magically, the fairy godmother changed a pumpkin into a fine coach and mice into a coachman and two footmen. Her godmother tapped Cinderella’s raged dress with her wand, and it became a beautiful ball gown. Then she gave her a pair of pretty glass slippers. “Now, Cinderella”, she said; “You must leave before midnight”. Then away she drove in her beautiful coach.
Cinderella was having a wonderfully good time. She danced again and again with the king’s son. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve, she ran toward the door as quickly as she could. In her hurry, one of her glass slipper was left behind.
A few days later, the king’ son proclaimed that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted the glass slipper. Her step sisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the king’s page let Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.
Finally, she was driven to the palace. The king’s son was overjoyed to see her again. They were married and live happily ever after.
Back to our explannation about narrative, it has Generic structures for write narrative text. The text organization are Orientation ( who were involved in the story, when and where ), Complication ( a problem arises and followed by other problems ), and Resolution ( provide solution ). The structure of narrative can be describe as follow :
The Story of Sangkuriang and Tangkuban Perahu Mountain
1. Orientation ( who were involved in the story, when and where )
e.g Once, there was a kingdom in Priangan Land. Lived a happy family. They were a father in form of dog,his name is Tumang, a mother which was called is Dayang Sumbi, and a child which was called Sangkuriang.
2. Complication ( a problem arises and followed by other problems )
e.g Complication 1
One day, Dayang Sumbi asked her son to go hunting with his lovely dog, Tumang. After hunting all day, Sangkuriang began desperate and worried because he hunted no deer. Then he thought to shot his own dog. Then he took the dog liver and carried home. Soon Dayang Sumbi found out that it was not deer lever but Tumang's, his own dog. So, she was very angry and hit Sangkuriang's head. In that incident, Sangkuriang got wounded and scar then cast away from their home.
Years go bye, Sangkuriang had travel many places and finally arrived at a village. He met a beautiful woman and felt in love with her. When they were discussing their wedding plans, the woman looked at the wound in Sangkuriang's head. It matched to her son's wound that had left several years earlier. Soon she realized that she felt in love with her own son.
She couldn't marry him but how to say it. Then, she found the way. She needed a lake and a boat for celebrating their wedding day. Sangkuriang had to make them in one night. He built a lake. With a dawn just moment away and the boat was almost complete. Dayang Sumbi had to stop it. Then, she lit up the eastern horizon with flashes of light. It made the cock crowed for a new day.
3. Resolution ( provide solution )
e.g Sangkuriang failed to marry her. She was very angry and kicked the boat. It felt over and became the mountain of Tangkuban Perahu Bandung.
The structures can build a construction of narrative text. First, build orientation which has information about who, when and where to relate these sentences. Second, make complication which begin a problem and a problem arises and followed by other problem. Third, make resolution to provide solution with “ happy ending “ for example “ they lived happily ever after”. So, your construction sentences can build a narrative text. In writing narrative use some languages features, as follow:
• The use of noun phrases e.g a beatiful prince, a handsome prince
• The use of connectives e.g first, before, that ,then, finally
• The use of adverbial phrases of time and place e.g in the garden, two days ago
• The use of simple past tense e.g he walked away from the village
• The use of action verbs e.g walk, sleep, wake up
• The use of saying verb e.g say, tell, ask
• The use of thingking verbs, feeling verbs, verbs of senses e.g she felt hungry, she thought she was clever, she smelt something burning
Blogger as medium education for student
The medium is through website. In this teaching writing a narrative text for third grade of senior high school through Blogger.
A blog (a blend of the term web log) is a type of website or part of a website. Blogs are usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse-chronological order. Blog can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to a blog.
Most blogs are interactive, allowing visitors to leave comments and even message each other via widgets on the blogs and it is this interactivity that distinguishes them from other static websites.
Many blogs provide commentary or news on a particular subject; others function as more personal online diaries. A typical blog combines text, images, and links to other blogs, Web pages, and other media related to its topic. The ability of readers to leave comments in an interactive format is an important part of many blogs. Most blogs are primarily textual, although some focus on art (art blog), photographs (photoblog), videos (video blogging), music (MP3 blog), and audio (podcasting). Microblogging is another type of blogging, featuring very short posts.
The term "weblog" was coined by Jorn Barger on 17 December 1997. The short form, "blog," was coined by Peter Merholz, who jokingly broke the word weblog into the phrase we blog in the sidebar of his blog Peterme.com in April or May 1999.Shortly thereafter, Evan Williams at Pyra Labs used "blog" as both a noun and verb ("to blog," meaning "to edit one's weblog or to post to one's weblog") and devised the term "blogger" in connection with Pyra Labs' Blogger product, leading to the popularization of the terms.
A blog (short for weblog) is a personal online journal that is frequently updated and intended for general public consumption. Blogs are defined by their format: a series of entries posted to a single page in reverse-chronological order.Blogs generally represent the personality of the author or reflect the purpose of the Web site that hosts the blog. Topics sometimes include brief philosophical musings, commentary on Internet and other social issues, and links to other sites the author favors, especially those that support a point being made on a post.
Blogger is feature in the worldwide to help user learning and do anything else. Website can develop our skill to learning much about the world without some difficulties. In this paper the writer use Blogger as media for learn especially writing. Internet is high technology to help human study, work, and everythings. Internet will help student or children studying and it give much knowledge, science, and thought.
The address is Http//www.Blogger.com. The user can enter with join to Google/Gmail. The steps such as :
• Klik menu on windows, then choose internet explorer
• After the internet explorer open, enter the address in the top home. Then klik enter.
• After the home Blogger open, you can imediately to sign in or create new account.
• Klik new account, there is a box to enter the requirments such as name, date of birth , your E-mail and so on.
• After that klik ok. You have been members of Blogger.
That is steps to how be a member of Blogger.
Third grade of Senior High School
The purposes are students in third grade of senior high school. The student of senior high school at about 17-19 years old. In the third grade of senior high school, student learn about narrative text. Narrative text is learnt by them as one of learning material in Bahasa Inggris. Bahasa Inggris is one of subjects for national examination. It is important to learn narrative text because it can be question tests of Bahasa Inggris.
Teaching a narrative text for third grade of senior high school through Blogger
Writing english especially essay are difficulties for student. And student will bored without playing. The insvestigation of study is to know that bogger can be medium education for student in the teaching writing a narrative text. With blogger student will enjoy and interest to learn English. In order, blog can be media education student in the school.
A blog is a journal (online diary) made available on the Internet/web by any individual. Most blogs are maintained by people who know nothing about web site design or development. Topics sometimes include brief philosophical musings, commentary on Internet and other social issues, and links to other sites the author favors, especially those that support a point being made on a post.
Narrative stories are for example kabayan story below:
“ Kabayan story “
One day Kabayan and his wife went outlets. At the moment they see the beautiful scenery. At that moment his wife was pregnant. They saw a snail on the market. His wife asked for the Kabayan buy snails. Si Kabayan refused because he did not have money.
Teaching writing narrative text is one of learning material. English language is subject that be learnt by teacher English. A narrative text is lesson that can be test in the national examination. Moreover, narrative is very important for student in the senior high school because they will get a test of English. So, teaching a narrative text for third grade of senior high school is very important. In English language, there are four language skills. There are speaking, reading, listening and writing. Writing is the symbolic representation of language in storable graphic form, is a comparatively recent cultural development having occured within the past five thousand years and oldly in certain parts of the world(wiliam O’Grady:2005) . In writing there are some genres or kinds of texts such as report, recount, narrative, explanation and the others. In teaching skills, teaching writing is one of difficulties. Margie S. Berns 1984 ( via J.K Richards : 1986 ), an expert in the field of communicative language teaching , writes in expalining firth’s that “ language is interaction “it is interpersonal activity and has a clear relationship with society.
With science and technology, the teaching learning process in the class will more easily, and the student will more interest and enjoy learn English. Teaching a narrative text through blogger is just innovation and development technology in the Globalization. Teacher English just teach the student to answer the test, speaking, school, and so on. But it depends on student itself. Below is one kind of narrative text to be analysis that narrative is interest, because it aims to amuse and entertain. And teaching a narrative text through blogger will easily to be understood by student in senior high school in year xii.
The Myth of Malin Kundang
A long time ago, in a small village near the beach in West Sumatra, a woman and her son lived. They were Malin Kundang and her mother. Her mother was a single parent because Malin Kundang's father had passed away when he was a baby. Malin Kundang had to live hard with his mother.
Malin Kundang was a healthy, dilligent, and strong boy. He usually went to sea to catch fish. After getting fish he would bring it to his mother, or sold the caught fish in the town.
One day, when Malin Kundang was sailing, he saw a merchant's ship which was being raided by a small band of pirates. He helped the merchant. With his brave and power, Malin Kundang defeated the pirates. The merchant was so happy and thanked to him. In return the merchant asked Malin Kundang to sail with him. To get a better life, Malin Kundang agreed. He left his mother alone.
Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy. He had a huge ship and was helped by many ship crews loading trading goods. Perfectly he had a beautiful wife too. When he was sailing his trading journey, his ship landed on a beach near a small village. The villagers recognized him. The news ran fast in the town; “Malin Kundang has become rich and now he is here”.
An old woman ran to the beach to meet the new rich merchant. She was Malin Kundang’s mother. She wanted to hug him, released her sadness of being lonely after so long time. Unfortunately, when the mother came, Malin Kundang who was in front of his well dressed wife and his ship crews denied meeting that old lonely woman. For three times her mother begged Malin Kundang and for three times he yelled at her. At last Malin Kundang said to her "Enough, old woman! I have never had a mother like you, a dirty and ugly woman!" After that he ordered his crews to set sail. He would leave the old mother again but in that time she was full of both sadness and angriness.
Finally, enraged, she cursed Malin Kundang that he would turn into a stone if he didn't apologize. Malin Kundang just laughed and really set sail.
In the quiet sea, suddenly a thunderstorm came. His huge ship was wrecked and it was too late for Malin Kundang to apologize. He was thrown by the wave out of his ship. He fell on a small island. It was really too late for him to avoid his curse. Suddenly, he turned into a stone.
Many believe that a story can teach a society certain moral value. Most stories are built in narrative. Because it is a narrative story, it must consist of complication. That complication, in fact, is the moral value which likes to be taught.
Orientation; the first paragraph is set to be the story introduction. Reading the orientation, reader will know that the story is characterized with Malin Kundang and his mother. Wes Sumatra is set as the place.
Complication; this is the main element of narrative story. From the Malin Kundang myth, we know that there are more than one complication. Many stories are composed with multi complications. They are minor complication and major complication. When Malin Kundang and her mother did life hard, it can be the minor complication. this hard life in the first time was solved by his successful trading as new merchant. However this narrative sotry is more interesting when we see the major complication among the participants- Malin Kundang denied his mother after being successful merchant. In every story, complication must be ended; happy ending or sad one.
Resolution; this is the end of the story, the sad ending one. Malin Kundang faces his curse of turning into a stone.
Form example above, we can write draft writing narrative text, after that enter into www.Blogger.com. Students can write narrative text anything as steps to learning English. Every student of third grade of Senior High School can study Writing English with Blog easily.
Finally, writer hope this method can building and develop writing skill student of senior High School in the year XII.
Base on the result data finding above, the writer conclude that blogger give easily technology for student. The student can learn enjoy, comfort, and easy.
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