Sunday, January 22, 2012
Eva Kholivatul Aslamiyah
Name : Eva Kholivatul Aslamiyah class : 3 B NPM : 102 112 103 70 Compound Sentence with Coordinators Compound sentence is two or more independent clause joined together. Before we are learn about compound sentence, we will study about clauses. A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. The kinds of clause are Independent clause and Dependent clause. 1. Independent clause contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. It can stand alone as a sentence by itself. An independent is formed with a subject and a verb and often a complement. For example : Water evaporates rapidly in warm climate zones. Water is Subject, evaporate is verb, rapidly in warm climate zone is complement. 2. Dependent clause begin with subordinator such as, when, while, if, that, or who. A dependent clause does not express a complete thought, it is not a sentence by it self. A dependent clause is formed a subordinator, a subject and a verb. Many kinds of the subordinator : after, before, until, if, since, that, which, who, whom, where, what, why, because, even though, so that ext. A sentence is a group of words that you use to communicate your ideas. Every sentence is formed form one or more clauses and expresses a complete thought. Kinds of sentences are: 1. simple sentences A simple sentence is one independent clause. Example : Freshwater boils at 100 degrees Celsius at sea level. 2. A compound sentence is two or more independent clauses joined together. There are three ways to join the clauses. A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Helpful hint: The first letter of each of the coordinators spells FANBOYS.) A compound sentence with a conjunctive adverb A compound sentence with a semicolon (;) 3. A complex sentence contains one independent and one or more dependent clause. There are three kinds of complex sentences : complex sentence with adverb clause complex sentence with adjective clause complex sentence with noun clause 4. A compound-complex sentence has at least three clause, at least two of which are independent. Can combination of dependent and independent clause there is at least one independent clause. Now, we will learn about Compound sentence with coordinators. Independent clause, + coordinator + independent clause The coordinator are FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, yet, so) example : A. I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English. B. Alexandro played football, so Maria went shopping. C. Alexandro played football, for Maria went shopping. Coordinators (coordinating conjunction) For : to add a reason and : to add a similar, equal idea nor : to add a negative equal idea but : to add an opposite idea or : to add an alternative possibility yet : to add an unexpected or surprising continuation so : to add an expected result The example : for I prefer living in Shizuoka, for Tokyo is too noisy. (The second clause gives the reason for the first.) and Shizuoka has the ocean on one side, and it has the mountains on the other. (The two clauses express equal, similar ideas.) nor People in Shizuoka do not have to travel as far to work, nor do they have to put up with extremely overcrowded trains. (The two clauses both contain negative ideas.) but Tokyo may have more excitement, but Shizuoka has more peace. (The clauses contain equal, contrasting ideas.) or People in Shizuoka can easily spend the day at the beach, or they can spend it in the mountains. (The two clauses contain equal alternative ideas.) yet Young people love the action of Tokyo, yet they want to move out once they have children. (The second clause is a surprising, unexpected contrast to the first clause.) so The shine kansen runs through Shizuoka, so we can easily be in Tokyo in an hour. (The second clause is a result of the first clause). The idea about compound sentence with a coordinator from the book and internet has similar opinion not have different, the coordinators are FAN BOYS. (Punctuation note : there is a comma after the first independent clause) I have the other example about compound sentence with a coordinator : For : she comes late to the campus, for she is sleepy. And : Budi tried to speak Spanish, and Rina tried to speak English. Nor : Agus do not work today, nor he sleeps at home. But : Read books one factor to be a smart, but it is not the only factor. Or : You can buy vegetables, or buy a meat red. Yet : cigarette smoking is a factor in longevity, yet Japanese and other long-lived Asians have a very high rate tobacco use. So : she is always studies everyday, so she is smart students. Clauses are the building blocks of sentences, there are two clauses. Independent clause and Dependent clause. Independent clause can stand alone as a sentences by itself and contains a subject and a verb. Dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence by itself. A dependent clause is also called a sentence fragment and dependent clause begins with a subordinator, the subordinator are : After, Before, Because, until, if, since, although, as soon as, so that, that, ext. A sentence is a group of words, the four basic kinds of sentences in English are Simple, compound, complex and compound-complex. A simple sentence is one independent clause. Example : 1. one subject and one verb Freshwater boils at 100 degrees Celsius at sea level. (Freshwater as Subject and boils as a verb). 2. one subject and two verb Freshwater boils at 100 degrees and freezes at 0 degrees Celsius. 3. Two subject and two verb Freshwater and salt water do not boil and do not freeze at the same temperature. A compound sentence is two or more independent clauses joined together. A compound sentence with a coordinator, the kinds of the coordinators are : for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. The other names FANBOYS. But and yet have similar meaning : they both signal that an opposite idea is coming. But is preferred when the two clauses are direct opposite. When the second clause is an unexpected or surprising continuation because of information given in the first clause. Yet is preferred. (but is acceptable for both meaning ; yet for only one meaning). The example : I want to study art, but my parents want me to study engineering. (direct opposite) I am very bad at math, yet my parents want me to study engineering. (surprising continuation after “i am very bad at math”). But and yet have similar but they are different function and situation. Writer : Eva Kholivatul Aslamiyah Responder : Arizki Ihsan Pratama Topic Sentence : I think the paragraph have clear, the topic and the paragraph have relationship. Analysis : the explain about compound sentence with a coordinator very specific and clear I mean. But some words or sentence have similar meaning to the other paragraph.