Sunday, January 22, 2012
Name : Resi Istamela Class : 3B NPM : 10211210343 Subject : writing in professional context 2 (A final Assignment of writing) Using Simple present Tense in daily conversation Language is very important that we need to communicate with the other people. We can connect the information which wants to be conveyed each other. There are a lot of languages that are used in the world. One of them is English language. English is considered as an international language by some people. As an English learner, we must be able to master it. There are a lot of ways that can be used by us. if we could master its language , we would have add our ability especially I English learning. An English learner at least has to master kinds of the language skills. They are speaking skill listening skill, writing skill and reading skill. We have to balance our language skill abilities in order to make our learning easier. If we can manage them well, we have to maintain them too. We should pay attention about the English learning in order to get the best result. One of language skills that we have to learn is writing skill. Writing skill is very useful for us to write the written text well. In this skill, we are demanded to write the text as well as possible of course using some rules that are available. So, I wrote a paper that is titled “Using Simple present Tense in daily conversation”. Using simple present in daily conversation can help us to improve our ability to speak well. Because the daily conversation commonly uses present tense, it can add our ability in speaking. Beside that it can improve our understanding in communication.English is an international language that domain the improvement of technology and science. At the moment it includes many aspects of daily activities such as, education, politic, economic, medic, and law. Then it is not be avoided that English has been consumed by the people who wrestle with their own field. There are four kinds of language skill which very important for us in learning English, such as speaking, reading, listening and writing. On the other hand there is one of skills that is usually demands us to master it. That is speaking skill and grammar, because commonly the people who can speak English fluency they will easy to get a job. At least they can understand about English article. The key of mastering speaking skill is practicing more and more and never be forgot its process needs learner self confidence. Speaking without knowing the structural of language also is nothing. Therefore as an English learner we also have to pay attention on grammatical language. It can be easy listener to understand the purpose of our conversation. it is also can increase our confidence in speaking. One of important in grammatical is tenses. Because when we are making conversation with the other one, we are included in a time where the tenses are used and in English there 16 tenses but that usually use in daily activity is four tenses are present tense, past tense, future tense. For this opportunity, in this paper I will tell about simple present tense because this tense more easier to be learned than the other else. And students are going to understand easily because it just uses the verb one. We can relate the uses of simple present by using conversation because the application is very important beside some theories. “Conversation is talking between two or more people in which thoughts, feelings and ideas are expressed, question are asked and answered or news and information are exchanged”. “Speaking is an interactive process of constructing meaning that involves producing and receiving and processing information “ (Brown, 1994; Burns & Joyce, 1997). Daily English conversation can help us or someone know to get over the frustrations that come along with not being able to express yourself easily in conversational English. You can speak English easily and readily that university curriculum can. Now you can sound professional and informal at the same time. Focus on learning native idioms and tonal rhythms of the English language. Learning daily English conversation is a real must in today’s world. Simply having the book smarts to read and write any language is not enough. All too often, students go into the classroom only to finish their classes frustrated simply because they cannot carry on a conversation in their new language.Communicative and whole language instructional approach promote integration of speaking, listening, reading, and writing in ways that reflect natural language use. But opportunities for speaking and listening require structure and planning to support language development. Structure is a part of grammar which explains about the uses of tenses and parts of speech in the sentences. It can be a guide in making a good arrangement of sentences either in verbal or non verbal activity. Tenses in English grammar is different from time because time is only expression the action for now, last, and next. Talking about tenses sometimes makes students confused because they only think many patterns which ready comes to be remembered by them. Actually learning tenses is interesting if the teacher know how the way to make it feel simple. One of the ways that can be done is making conversation in the form of asking and answering question using certain tense. So the main point of that definition, conversation is talking to each other. In this context the students are demanded to ask and answer question about how the uses of tense even in affirmative, negative, and interrogative sentence. This direct conversation is done to make students easy in understanding and remembering the uses tenses and exercise student to repeat again their remember skill by oral activity. As we know because the reality learning theory is useless without practicing it soon. Tense means time. However, it should be pointed out that time in relation to action is a concept that exist in the mind of the speaker, reader or listener. Tense in actual usage refers consistently only to grammatical forms. (America Book Company by George E.Wishon ) Often tense and time do not correspond at all. Based on Linda C.stanley “ways to writing” ( 427) Tense is verb tense indicates the relationships between an action or state of being and the passage of time. The present tense indicates that something is talking place now. “In general, the simple present express events or situations that exist always, usually, habitually, they exist now, have existed in the pass, and probably will exist in the future”“ Tense is one of forms which a verb takes by inflection or by adding auxiliary words, so as to indicate the time of the action or even signified; the modification which verbs undergo for the indication of time”“Tense is a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time”W. Stannard Allen explained in his book ( Living English structure for schools) Present tense (simple) this tense is the same as the infinitive ( root form) of the verb. Unlike the continuous form, the simple present tense does not really describe acts that are habitual or usual. In Robert Khorn of English sentence structure A. Simple present tense with verbs other than be Statement: He worksQuestion with Do, Does: Does he work? Short answer: yes he does B. Single-word adverb of frequency: always, usually, often, etc. “Simple present tense designates action occurring at the time of speaking or writing”“Simple present tense is tense denoting an action happening in this time““The simple present tense is talking something happens all the time or repeatedly or something is true in general “ The Simple Present Tense (also called the Present Simple Tense) is usually the first verb tense ESL students are taught. Perhaps the most difficult thing for ESL learners to remember is that the Third Person (he/she/it) of a regular verb takes an “s.” Present Simple Function (when to use the Present Simple)The Present Simple verb tense has two primary functions: 1. To talk about “general truths,” that is, to talk about something that was true in the past, is true now, and will be true in the future (e.g., The sun rises in the East. Nurses work hard. Water boils at 100 °C.) 2. To talk about habits or rituals (e.g., I pay income taxes every year. She drinks coffee. We watch T.V. all the time. The Giants always lose.)There is more to teach about the Simple Present verb tense (such as the use of the “helping” or auxiliary verb “do,” irregular verb conjugation, and the use of words such as always, never, often, etc.), but the above are the basics that must be taught. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conversation) Speaking skill analysis is a comprehensive look at both the public speaker and the delivery. Our analysis will cover three areas of the speech. Use these to grade your self or be graded to attain constant and never ending improvement. A conversation is communication between multiple people. It is a social skill that is not difficult for most individuals. Conversations are the ideal form of communication in some respects, since they allow people with different views on a topic to learn from each other. A speech, on the other hand, is an oral presentation by one person directed at a group.Conversation is indispensable for the successful accomplishment of almost all activities between people, especially the coordination of work, the formation of friendship and for learning. Classification of conversationThe majority of conversations can be divided into four categories according to their major subject content: • Conversations about subjective ideas, which often serve to extend understanding and awareness. • Conversations about objective facts, which may serve to consolidate a widely-held view. • Conversations about other people (usually absent), which may be critical, competitive, or supportive. This includes gossip • Conversations about oneself, which sometimes indicate attention-seeking behavior. In the real world, few conversations fall exclusively into one category. Nevertheless, the proportional distribution of any given conversation between the categories can offer useful psychological insights into the mindset of the participants. Each type of conversation has its own cluster of purposes and expectations attached. • Functional conversation is designed to convey information in order to help achieve an individual or group goal. • Small talk is a type of conversation where the topic is less important than the social purpose of achieving bonding between people or managing personal distance • Banter is non-serious conversation, usually between friends, which may rely on humor in-jokes at the expense of those taking part. The purpose of banter may at first appear to be an offensive affront to the other person's face. However, people engaging in such a conversation are often signaling that they are comfortable enough in each others' company to be able to say such things without causing offense. Banter is particularly difficult for those on the autism spectrum, or those with semantic pragmatic distorter “Conversation is general course of conduct; behavior ““Conversation is the use of speech for informal exchange of views or ideas or information etc:”“Conversation is expression and exchange of individual ideas; talking with other people”. ConversationA • What time do you get up? , • I get up about seven fifteen. • What time is breakfast at your house? • Breakfast is always at a quarter to eight. Conversation B • What do you usually do in the afternoon? • We usually study or read. • What do you generally do over the weekend? • We generally enjoy sports and visit friends. Conversation C • Do you ever go to museums? • I go every now and then. • What kinds of things do you like to see? • I enjoy seeing statues and old paintings. Conversation D • Do you watch television very often? • Well, I sometimes watch it in the evening. • Did you watch television last night? • Yes, I did. I saw several good programs. Conversation E • Do you ever listen to the radio? • Certainly. In fact, I listen practically every night. • What's your favorite program? • I like the Eleven O'clock Theater best of all. English skill and English component is a unit that can’t be separated. Those are having relation each other. That relation seems clear when the English itself is used by native speaker or English learner. Speaking without knowing the structure is laming and structure without practicing is nothing.Simple present tense is used for habitual action or general truth and making conversation between students in teaching grammar can keen the memorizing pattern and influence their English speaking.