Thursday, January 26, 2012

Rini Suryani

Rini Suryani
                                                                                                                    Class : 3C
                                                                                                                    Npm : 10211210017

            This book contains about one speaking English learning which is "giving direction”. every person would have difficulty in knowing an address or point of interest that you want to visit. then that person would not only silent, surely they will ask the people surroundings, on the address. we will never know when someone will suddenly asked to address us. we may easily tell the address if we are one of the main people who understand and familiar with the ins and outs of the place at the ask. in Indonesian maybe we can tell where the direction and path that must be traveled. and we can also easily say sorry I do not know or with a variety of other reasons with our own language and they are easy to understand. but the problem is when we are dealing with strangers or tourists who happened they should ask us, with the English language. whether we will answer with Indonesian? May be they will be more confused. then of learning is in a sense it is quite important to become familiar with English language even further. and can we use in a conversation in English. when we are required to communicate in English. in the hope that this book can provide additional knowledge about giving direction in English and helps readers to improve the ability to speak in English. possible contents of the book is not how and many shortcomings. but I hope the contents of this book can provide a little information and knowledge for the reader
2.      SOURCES
            I find lots of information from various sources to assist me in preparing this book. learning that I use is giving direction in English speaking. there are various sources that I can use but I chose the internet for sources that can help me find some information aboutgiving direction”. sources that I can that is:
     from the web is argued about how asking for and giving direction
    from these sources suggests about the lesson plan, suggested and giving direction, and English   
   from these sources suggests about asking and giving direction.
    from these sources suggests about direction and dialogue on how to giving direction
   from these sources suggests about how to asking direction.
6. http://passwithflyingcolours
    from the source there is an example picture of giving direction
            there are many other sources which should I get apart from the internet. it is also still a lot of other sources that exist and are not limited.

3.      ANALYZE
many different sources which includes a discussion about giving direction. each expressed almost the same thing that is asking and giving direction, direction dialogue commonly in use. but they put forward a slightly different way. It can help us get various information about the learning.

The following is some discussion about giving direction:
1.Asking for and Giving Directions
 When we/someone asking direction we or they want to say :
            How do I get to …?
What's the best way to …?
Where is …?
Then when someone asking direction and we could to giving direction, we say:
Go straight on (until you come to …).
Turn back./Go back.
Turn left/right (into …-street).
Go along …
Cross …
Take the first/second road on the left/right
It's on the left/right.
straight [streIt]on
opposite ['Qp@zIt]
near [nI@]
next to
between [bI'twi:n]
at the end (of)
on/at the corner
behind [bI'hVInd]
in front of
(just) around the corner
traffic lights
crossroads, junction [dZVN(k)S(@)n]
signpost ['sVInp@Ust]
2. Lesson Plan: Giving Directions
Not everyone knows where they are going and may need help with directions from time to time. Directions may be needed to get to a near by town, or directions to the newest mall in town or directions to the nearest rest room in a large building. Where ever you are going the expression below can be used when asking for directions.
    English Expressions 

Could you tell me how to get to
    ( …the library)?

Go to the next light and turn right. Go two blocks, it’s
  on the left.
How do I find ( … city hall)?                  

Just go straight, it’s on this street, on the right, about a
   mile and a half.
Which way do I go to get to
   ( … the post office)?

Drive to Jackson Street and turn right. The post office
  is in the middle of the block, across from the park.
Pardon me, I'm lost, how do I get to the
  ( … museum)?

Go to the second light and turn left. Then go the third
  stop sign. The museum is on that corner.
Could you direct me to ( … I-10)?  

Take Pinal Avenue north about 8 miles You’ll run into
Which is the best route to
   ( …the stadium)?

Take Washington Street north to the Papago freeway
  and Head west. You can’t miss it.

     Suggestions for giving directions
     Giving street directions is really very easy when you remember to follow these points. When
     giving directions
      you are actually giving two sets of instructions.
            In the first set- "Go To" - you are telling the listener what street to go to or how far to go.  
            In the second set- "Then", you are telling the listener what to do when they get there.
                                           (turn right/left, go straight, on the lef
      Giving even very complicated directions is just a repetition of these two basic steps. 
      Another good idea is to use easily identifiable landmarks; instead of the amount of time to get
     (time is relative, after all). Easily identifiable landmarks are street lights, stop signs, parks, tall
     standing alone, etc.
     Prepositions of location most commonly used when giving directions:  
            go straight                  go to                           turn right                     turn left        
            cross                          on your right               on your left                  beside
            next to                         behind                        across from                in front of  
            caddy corner
            on the corner of (to be very specific NE, SE, NW, SW corners)
English Dialogue
Students should work together in pairs and read the following dialogue, one student reading one part, the other student reading the other. Note the expressions used in the dialogue and the progression of the conversation. The dialogue can be used as a model to have similar conversations.

Wally: Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to the city hospital?
Sally: Sure, the hospital is on Tenth Street, about 20 minutes away by foot. Go south on this street two blocks
           until you come to the stop light.
Wally: Go south two blocks to the stop light.
Sally: Correct, then, turn left and go three more blocks, until you come to the end of the road. A park will be
           in front of you.
Wally: Turn left and go for three blocks to the park.
Sally: Right, then turn right again and go seven blocks, to Lipton Avenue.
Wally: Turn right and go seven blocks to Lipton Avenue.
Sally: Next, turn left on Lipton Avenue and go two blocks. The hospital is on your left, across from the baseball
Wally: OK, let me see if I’ve got this straight. Go south on this street for two blocks to the stop light. Turn left at
           the light and go three blocks to the park. Turn right at the park and go seven blocks to Lipton Avenue. At
           Lipton Avenue turn right and…
Sally: No, turn left on Lipton Avenue.
Wally: OK, turn left on Lipton Avenue, the hospital is two blocks down, on my left.
Sally: You got it.
Wally: Thanks.

After reading, close your book and tell your partner a summary of the dialogue. Then switch and have your partner tell his or her summary. Start like this: This dialogue is about a person asking directions to …This may seem silly, since you both already know what the dialogue is about, but the purpose is to practice using your English, not to give information or test your reading skills.
    Conversation Activities
    1. Pair work- discussion
     Have you given directions to anyone lately? Tell your partner about it using some of the ideas for discussion
     below. Your partner should ask questions to get more information.
  • who did you give directions to
  • where did you give directions to
  • how often do you give directions
  • have you ever not known the directions to a place asked about
    2. Pair work- discussion
    Work with a partner and ask for and give directions to the following places in town.
Asking about direction
We can use the conversation like this, To ask about directions use these questions:
·         How can I get to . . . from here?
·         How can I get to . . . ?
·         Can you show me the way to...?
·         Can you tell me how to get to . . . ?
·         Where is . . . ?
·         What's the best way to get to . . . ?
Giving directions
To give directions use these expressions:
·         Go straight on
·         Turn left/right
·         Take the first (turning) to the left/right.
·         Go past the restaurant/school...
·         The ... is beside/in front of/next to...the....
 (First,) go down this street (for ……. blocks).
(Then,) turn left/right at the traffic light.
(After that,) go straight on ….. street until you get to the ……
(When you get to the …..,) turn left/right again.
(Then,) stay on …… Avenue for about ……… yards/meters.
It’s on your left, next to the ……….. You can’t miss it!
In dialogue
(A): Excuse me. Is there a grocery store around here? (Permisi. Apakah ada toko grosir di sekitar sini?)
(B): Yeah. There’s one right across the street. (Iya. Ada satu di seberang jalan itu.)
(A): Can you tell me how to get to Phoenix? (Bisakah Anda menunjukkan jalan ke Phoenix?)
(B): Sorry. I don’t live around here. (Maaf. Saya tidak tinggal di sekitar sini).
(A): Where’s Tanner’s Leather Shop? (Dimana Tanner’s Leather Shop?)
(B): It’s on the corner of Holly and Vine. Next to the library. (Di sudut Holly and Vine. Di samping perpustakaan).
(A): How do you get to the bank? (Kalau mau ke Bank lewat mana?)
(B): Go straight down this street for two blocks. Turn left when you get to Maple Street. Stay on Maple for half a block. It’s on the left hand side. (Lurus jalan ini sampai dua blok. Belok kiri di Jalan Maple. Tetap di Jalan Maple sampai setengah blok. Bank ada di sebelah kiri).

1. Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to the hotel Indonesia?
2. Excuse me, but could you tell me where the museum is?
3. Excuse me, it is this the way to the station?
4. Pardon me, is this the right way to the post office?
5. Excuse me, what’s the best way to get to Gambir station?
6. Excuse me, I’m looking for this address. Can you direct me?
7. Excuse me. How can I get to Lapangan Banteng?
8. Certainly. It’s that large building over there.
9. Follow the main road. You will come to the station in a few minutes.
10. Sorry. I’m a stranger here myself
We can used the giving direction appropriate  the information on the map. and the following is an example for giving direction to use the map

For example:
1.      A: “How can I get to restaurant  ? “
B:” first, from this road you must go straight on, and in the first traffic light you must turn
      right, and go straight  on, you can find the restaurant in the left side after you pass the
      children play ground”.
A: “ Oh.. thank for your explanation !”

         from the above there are various ways for our use in giving direction. from various sources that have been described, perhaps we can all use in our learning. but common in use in giving direction, namely:
How do I get to ...?
What's the best way to ...?
Where is ...?
Go straight on (until you come to ...).
Turn back. / Go back.
Turn left / right (into ...-street).
Go along ...
Cross ...
Take the first / second road on the left / right
It's on the left / right.
straight on
next to
the between
at the end (of)
on / at the corner
in front of
(just) around the corner
traffic lights
Crossroads, junction
and a polite way of asking which direction:
1. Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to the hotel Indonesia?
2. Excuse me, but could you tell me where the museum is?
3. Excuse me, it is this the way to the station?
4. Pardon me, is this the right way to the post office?

thus we can use a variety of reference for the study describing the direction and giving direction when we communicate using English. we could use directions such as:
go straight go to turn right turn left
             cross, on your right, on your left, beside
             next to behind, across from ,in front of
             caddy corner

  or when we should be asking direction we can use:
How can I get to. . . from here?
How can I get to. . . ?
Can you show me the way to ...?
Can you tell me how to get to. . . ?
Where is. . . ?
the rest we can add another conversation in accordance with our speaking language skills.

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