Wednesday, January 25, 2012

Leti Holipiah Ripatul Rahman

Leti Holipiah Ripatul Rahman
 Npm   : 10211210365
Writing in rofessional context 2
Class    : 3C

1.         Background
           It teaches the kids would be nice if the teachers to master a wide range of practical techniques with the use of teaching materials or books that exist in the field. Teacher and student teacher candidates are expected to develop ways of teaching techniques alone or in accordance with needs, situation and condition classes in local schools.
Therefore, in addition to having sufficient English skills, teachers need to master a variety of practical techniques of teaching and learning of English teaching and learning process to students is not boring. In this paper, provided several examples of practical techniques that can be applied in learning English in elementary school.

 2.        The Problem
            In this paper, we discuss various techniques that can be used whatever the teachers in the teaching-learning process, especially learning English. There are 15 techniques that will be discussed, namely:
1) Listen and Repeat
2) Listen and Do,
3) Question and Answer,
4) Substitution,
5) Draw and Colour
6) Listen and Identify
 7) See differences,
8) In-Pair Activity,
9) Group Discussion
10) Cooperative Learning
 11) Questioning and Inquiry
12) Model and Demonstration
 13) Concept Mapping
14) Brainstorming
 15) Outdoor Activity.

3.         Objective
1. Giving an example of some practical techniques to teach English to children.
2. Describes several ways to train children of spoken language.
3. Choosing the right teaching techniques for specific learning,

1.        Listen and Repeat
            Listen and repeat the technique can be implemented in teaching listening, speaking, and reading. In this technique, the teacher said something and the students just listen. Then teachers and students say again and students are asked to repeat what was said by the teacher.
Listen and repeat activity can be equipped with flash card tool, especially for introducing new vocabulary.
Teacher: “listen and repeat”
It’s a dog

Student: it’s a dog

2.         Listen and Do
            In this activity, the teacher says a phrase or command, the students listen carefully and then do what the student teachers. Students respond or responded by doing what the teacher said.
Teacher: “stand up, please”
(siswa berdiri)

3.         Question and Answer
            Question and answer technique is very well known technique in any class. For the initial level, the activities can be done with the teacher began to ask questions and give an example answer. Then the students to imitate, then the teacher asks, and asks students to answer. This technique can be applied in teaching listening and speaking. Before answering questions, students must listen and understand the question.
Teacher: “what is your name?
Student: My name is Dhani

4.         Substitution
            In applying this technique, the teacher removes one of the sentences and asks students to substitute other similar words. This substitution technique can be applied in teaching listening, speaking, increasing vocabulary, and grammar.
It’s a dog

5.         Draw and Colour
            For beginner students, TK or SD first grader, activities can be combined with drawing and coloring activities when they know a few words, objects, and colors.
Draw a carrot. It’s orange
(siswa menggambar dan mewarnai)

6.         Listen and Identify
            Teachers can train students about two similar sounds in interesting ways. Home exercise in identifying the sound is important because different words can mean very little else.
(1) (2)
Eat it
Pen pan
7.         See differences
            Train students to do observation to discover the similarities and differences of two objects or pictures. Such activity is to practice accuracy and is a fun activity for elementary students. Then to prove the results of its tasks, students were asked to write their findings.

8.         In-Pair Activity
            Activities undertaken by the students in pairs or both can train students to interact and communicate.
Student A: may I use your pencil?
Student B: no, I’m sorry.

9.         Group Discussion
            Group discussion activities aim to train students to appreciate each other friends, learn to listen to opinions of others, and put forward opinions. In this case, topic, purpose, and instructions must be clear. The teacher gives a problem to each group to find the solution and teachers also need to guide students in discussion groups.
For example, students are asked to make the final group of stories based on existing facts, or change the course of an event in accordance with their imaginations.
10. Cooperative Learning
Children as social beings, to grow in intellectual and social life around him. Children can learn from others through cooperative learning. There are several compounds within cooperative learning:
a. The interdependence that is positive;
b. Or face to face interaction;
c. The existence of communication between members of the group;
d. Responsibility as members or individuals;
e. The existence of a group evaluation process;
f. The existence of elements of information gaps that make children feel learned, from not knowing to knowing.
In this case, the teacher must be fair, attentive, and active help.

11.        Questioning and Inquiry
            Both strategies are often done together. Questioning conducted by the teachers for encouraging, guiding, and assessing students' thinking abilities. Inquiry begins with the observation of activities and then asked, then he analyzed and finally make conclusions
What tree is this?
How old is it?

12.        Model and Demonstration
            Modeling is a strategy for member examples to the students how they perform, learn, and create something. If teachers want students to do what he would expect the teachers must be able to show how your own thought processes. So teachers need to make clear his own premises so that students can imitate.

13.       Concept Mapping
            Concept mapping is usually used to train students to link a concept or something already known by other concepts or other matters that are closely related.

14.        Brainstorming
            Brainstorming is a strategy that can be used to activate students. when the teacher asked the class to give an idea or mention examples as much as possible in a short time, the teachers do brainstorming.

15.       Outdoor Activity
Learning activities have not always done in the classroom. Occasionally students have taken to the outside of the classroom to better understand the environment around him.


            Often in the process of learning in the classroom the children are bored of the techniques used in teaching their teachers. This is dueto a lack of creative teachers to use techniques that appeal to students as well as that can increase student interest in learning. Because not only the mastery of material that must be noted teacher materials, using a variety of learning techniques also become an important factor. Home is very varied learning techniques like listen and repeat, listen and do, group discussions, brainstorming, and others. Thus, professional teachers are teachers who can also choose and implement a variety of learning techniques in accordance with the materials that can enhance students' learning activities.

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