Tyas Wahyu Kusuma Wardani
NPM : 10211210378
Class / semester : 3/C
Writing is an activity to create a record or information on a medium by using a script. Writing usually done on paper by using tools such as pens or pencils. At the beginning of its history, writing is done by using pictures, for example, hieroglyphic writing (hieroglyphics) in the days of Ancient Egypt.
Writing with script emerged about 5000 years ago. The people of Sumer (now Iraq) to create the signs on clay. The signs represent sounds, in contrast with hieroglyphic letters that represent words or objects.
Writing is a process of reasoned
Reasoning is a thinking process that started from the observation senses (empirical observation) that produces a number of concepts and understanding. Based on similar observations will also be formed propositions - propositions are similar, based on a number of propositions that are known or assumed to be true, people infer a new proposition which was not previously known. This process is called reasoning in reasoning, a proposition which is used as the basis of inference is called the premise (antesedens) and the conclusion is called the conclusion (consequence). Writing is an activity to create a record or information on a medium by using a script. Writing usually done on paper by using tools such as pens or pencils. At the beginning of its history, writing is done by using pictures, for example, hieroglyphic writing (hieroglyphics) in the days of Ancient Egypt. Writing with script emerged about 5000 years ago. The people of Sumer (now Iraq) to create the signs on clay. The signs represent sounds, in contrast with hieroglyphic letters that represent words or write benda.Kegiatan growing rapidly since the creation of printing techniques, which causes people to work more diligently to write because they are easily published. So I think writing in a reasoned consideration of the good is bad, mind and activities that allow one to think logically reach of thought.
How to Teach Narrative
Writing Narrative Text How to teach writing this text is for fathers and mothers prepare teachers who are looking for materials Lesson Plan English lessons for writing skills. Father or mother a teacher can change the procedure to teach writing narrative text is tailored to the level of student ability.
Procedures teaches writing narrative text:
Have students make a list of folk tales or legends that they have read. It aims to introduce the topic to be studied.
Give students examples of simple narrative texts. Have them identify the main character, setting events such as time and place, a problem that occurs with the main character and how the problem is resolved.
Have students identify the simple past tense sentence in the story. This serves to give meaning to the students that narrative text using the past tense.
Give as a matter of simple past tense practice material to reinforce their understanding.
Ask students to create a draft of the story. Draft story contains fictional main character, place and time, the problems faced by the main character, and how the problem is completed.
Ask students to prepare three paragraphs in the order; first paragraph contains the introduction of characters, place and time of the incident, the second paragraph contains the problems faced by the main character, the third paragraph describes how the problem is resolved. Give students a few minutes to complete the story.
Have students exchange worksheets and ask each student to continue the story that made them friends. Students simply add a paragraph as the final part of the story.
Ask students to give feedback / comments written in the story made them friends.
Narrative Text, is a text whose contents is a story or a story about something.
Examples of narrative text: folklore (folktale), animalstory (fable), legend (legend), short stories (short story), and the like. In it there are conflicts / problems that peak followed by asettlement. The main function of this text is to a story or entertainreaders.
It can also be formulated narrative is a form of discourse that attempted to clearly see the development of an event that has occurred. The narrative is divided into two, namely narrative expository and narrative suggestive.
Ø Expository narrative
Expository narrative aims to arouse the minds of the readers to me know what is narrated. The main target of expanding the knowledge of reading development after reading the story. As a form of narrative, narrative positoris questioned former stages of events, sequences of actions into the reader or listener. Runtun event or events that served to convey information to expand knowledge or understanding of the reader, regardless of whether delivered in writing or oral.
Expository narrative can be typical or special and DAPT also be generalized. The narrative is a narrative that is a generalization that convey a common process, which can be done by anyone, and can also be done in air repeatedly. By implementing the types of events that repeatedly, then one can obtain a high proficiency of it. While the narrative of a special nature is trying to tell a narrative of a typical event, which happened only once. Typical events are events that can not be repeated again, because it is an experience or event at a certain time.
Ø Narrative suggestive
The narrative attempts to give meaning above sugerti oerisriwa or event as an experience. Because the goal is the meaning of the event or incident, it always involves a suggestive narrative imagination (imagination). Segestif narrative is a series of events that served so many kinds that stimulate the imagination of the reader. Readers can draw a new meaning beyond what is explicitly expressed. Something that is an express explicit about the object or subject is moving and acting, while the meaning is new is an implicit se. All objects presented as a series of motion, the lives of the characters portrayed in motion a dynamic unit, how life had changed from time to time. The new meaning will be explained understood after reading the narrative, as he implied in the narrative.
Thus the narrative does not berceritera or a comment on a story, but he was just telling a story or tale. The whole incident served to prepare the reader to a particular feeling for facing an event that was in front of his eyes. The narrative provides a mental maturity. Mental readiness that involves the reader with feelings, sympathy or antipathy even involve them in the event itself. This is the meaning implicit in the whole series of events.
The characteristics of narrative text :
1. Generic Structure:
Orientation: provides an introduction to the characters, place and time of the story (who or what, when and where)
Complication: Contains the height of the conflict / problem in the story. Complication A story may have more than one.
Resolution: Problem solving. Could end up with joy (happy ending) could also end up with sadness (sad ending).
Sometimes also the order (generic structure): Orientation, Complication, Evaluation, Resolution and Reorientation. For "Evaluation" and "Reorientation" is optional; there can be no. Evaluation contains the assessment / evaluation of the course of the story or conflict. Reorientation containing contents inference while the ending.
2. Grammatical features using tenses "past"
3. Frequent use of conjunctive time (temporal conjunction), for example: once upon a time, one day, long time ago.
Some Special Forms of Narrative, Based on the shape narsi divided into two: a fictional narrative and narrative nonfiktif. The forms commonly known narrative discussed in
hu is a romantic relationship with literature, novels, short stories, fairy tales (fictional narrative) and history, biography, autobiography (narrative nonfiktif).
Step up the narrative (especially in the form of fiction) tends to be done through the creative process, beginning with the search, discover, and explore ideas. Therefore, the story assembled by using the "formula" 5 W + 1 H;
· (What) What will be told,
· (Where) Where the setting / location of the story,
· (When) When did the events take place,
· (Who) Who are the perpetrators of the story,
· (Why) Why do these events occur, and
· (How) How the story was presented.
Shaped pattern in a simple narrative structure with the sequence beginning - middle - end.
1. Early narratives usually contain an introduction that introduces the setting and characters. The initial part should be made attractive in order to bind the readers.
2. The middle part is the part that gave rise to a conflict. The conflict then directed towards the climax of the story. After konfik arise and reach the climax, the story gradually will subside.
3. End of story which has eased the way disclosure is mixed. Someone tell the length, there are short, some are trying to hang the end of the story by letting the reader to figure it out yourself.
Example narrative text :
Romeo and Juliet
In the town of Verona there lived two families, the Capulets and the Montagues. They engaged in a bitter feud. Among the Montagues was Romeo, a hot-blooded young man with an eye for the ladies. One day, Romeo attended the feast of the Capulets', a costume party where he expected to meet his love, Rosaline, a haughty beauty from a well-to-do family. Once there, however, Romeo's eyes felt upon Juliet, and he thought of Rosaline no more. The vision of Juliet had been invading his every thought. Unable to sleep, Romeo returned late that night to the Juliet's bedroom window. There, he was surprised to find Juliet on the balcony, professing her love for him and wishing that he were not a "Montague", a name behind his own. "What's in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet." Romeo was ready to deny his name and professed his love. The two agreed to meet at nine o-clock the next morning to be married. Early the next morning, Romeo came to Friar Lawrence begging the friar to marry him to Juliet. The Friar performed the ceremony, praying that the union might someday put an end to the feud between the two families. He advised Romeo kept the marriage a secret for a time. On the way home, Romeo chanced upon his friend Mercutio arguing with Tybalt, a member of the Capulet clan. That qurreling last caused Merquito died. Romeo was reluctant no longer. He drew his sword and slew Tybalt died. Romeo realized he had made a terrible mistake. Then Friar Lawrence advised Romeo to travel to Mantua until things cool down. He promised to inform Juliet. In the other hand, Juliet's father had decided the time for her to marry with Paris. Juliet consulted Friar Lawrence and made a plot to take a sleeping potion for Juliet which would simulate death for three days. The plot proceeded according to the plan. Juliet was sleeping in death. Unfortunately, The Friar's letter failed to reach Romeo. Under the cover of darkness, he broke into Juliet's tomb. Romeo kissed the lips of his Juliet one last time and drank the poison. Meanwhile, the effects of the sleeping potion wear off. Juliet woke up calling for Romeo. She found her love next to her but was lying dead, with a cup of poison in his hand. She tried to kiss the poison from his lips, but failed. Then Juliet put out his dagger and plunged it into her breast. She died.
Principally, a narrative text tells a story or talks about something happening in the past. When we tell a story that has happened in the past, logically, the grammatical feature that mainly we use will be Past Tense (it could also vary in other forms: past continuous, past perfect, past future, and so on).
BUT, the generic structure using past is a kind of guidelines or outlines in writing narratives. We should NOT view it as “a-must rule”. In writing, anything is possible. Remember, all the generic structures taught to students, aim at making them feel easy in writing. If those rules cause students afraid of making composition, I think it is a mistake.
So, can we use present tense in narratives? Yes, we can. It depends on the text itself. But when we tell events or parts of the story that happen in the past, we must use past tense.
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