Sunday, January 22, 2012

Robiatun Nurasyiyah Atun ;

Robiatun Nur Asyiyah 10211210355 3B Simple Present in Use The present tense is a grammatical tenses that locates a situation or event in present time. This linguistic definition refers to a concept that indicates a feature of the meaning of a verb. However, in discussions of specific languages, the term "present tense" is often used to refer to a particular grammatical form that, depending on the language, may frequently be used to express the present nature of an action or, in some cases, may be used to express non-present action. The discussion in this article focuses on the forms used in various languages. In English, present tense form may be used to express action in the present, a current state of being, an occurrence in the future, or an action that started in the past and continues. The form of simple present Subject + verb +s/es in the third person Example: You speak English He speaks English There are four kind of uses in simple present: 1. Use 1 Repeated Action Use the simple Present to express the idea than an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a schedule event or something than often happens. It can also be something a person often forget or usually does not do. Examples: I play tennis. She does not play tennis. Does he play tennis? The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. He never forgets his wallet. Every twelve months. The Earth circles the sun. 2. Use 2 Facts or Generalizations The simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things. Example: Cats like milk. Birds do not like milk. Do pigs like milk? Windows are made of glass. Windows are not made of wood. 3. Use 3 Schedule Events in the Near future Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about schedule events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other schedule events as well. Example: The train leaves tonight at 6 PM. The party starts at 8 o’clock. 4. Use 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs) Speakers sometime use the Simple Present to express the idea than an action is happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs. Example: I am here now. She is not here now. He needs help right now. Adverb Placement The example below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc. Examples: You only speak English. Do you only speak English? There are three important exceptions: 1. For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary. 2. For the third person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary. 3. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives. Look at these examples with the main verb like: subject Auxiliary verb Main verb + I, you, we they like coffee + He, she, it like Coffee _ I, you, we, they Do not like coffee _ He, she, it Does not like coffee ? Do I, you, we, they like coffee ? Does He, she, it like coffee Look at these example with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary. subject Main verb + I am French + You, we, they are French + He, she, it is French _ I am not old _ You, we, they are not old _ He, she, it is not old ? Am I Late? ? Are You, we, they Late? ? Is He, she, it Late? We use the simple present tense when: 1. The action is general. 2. The action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future. 3. The action is not only happening now. 4. The statement is always true. Example: John drives a taxi. It is John’s job to drive a taxi. He does it every day. Past, present and future. Look at these examples: I live in New York. The Moon goes round the Earth. John drives a taxi. He does not drive a bus. We meet every Thursday. We do not work every night. Do you play football? Note that with the verb to be we can also use the simple present tense for situation there are not general. We can use the simple present tense to talk about now. Look at these examples of the verb “to be” in the simple present tense – some of them are general. Some of them are now. Example: 1. Am I right? Tara is not at home. You are happy. Past, present and future, the situation is now. 2. I am not fat. Why are you so beautiful? Ram is tall. Past, present, and future, the situation is general. This page show the use of the simple present tense to talk about general events. But note that there are some other uses for the simple present tense, for example in conditional or if sentences, or to talk about the future. The Pattern of Simple Present Tense 1. The Positive Pattern of Simple Present Tense Verbal sentence: S + Verb 1 (s/es) Nominal sentence: S + is/am/are + . . . Examples: Marry goes to park every Sunday morning Plants are greener in rainy season 2. The Negative Pattern of Simple Present Tense Verbal sentence: S + don’t/doesn’t + Verb 1 nominal sentence: S + is/am/are + not + . . . Examples: The workers have their meal at 12 a clock. Wood not a good electricity conductor. 3. The Interrogative Pattern of Simple Present Tense Verbal sentence: Do/Does + S + Verb 1 Nominal sentence: Is/am/are + S + . . . Examples: Does Andy know his score? Am I a good example of junior high school student? 4. The Question-word Pattern of Simple Present Tense Verbal sentence: QW + Do/does + S + Verb 1 Nominal sentence: QW + is/am/are + S Examples: Where do you usually plan a flower? What are the steps needed for planting a flower? English Grammar in Use

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