Thursday, January 26, 2012

Fitri Maryanti

Fitri Maryanti
Npm   : 10211210642
Class  : 3 B

How to use “the” article in english
language is an essential tool in which language can be used to communicate, interact, and even become connecting  from one country to another country.
English became the language of the popular and famous almost all over the world, English also became the language of the world, many people are interested to learn,
in English  we have known important of four components namely, lisening,speaking, reading and writing, these elements complement each other in the language of Britain.
and among the components that have been mentioned earlier, we also need to know thegrammatical structur atu of English grammar to a more beautiful
 and a grammar in which it shall have the meanings is the body of rules that describe the structure of expressions in the English language. This includes the structure of wordsphrasesclauses andsentences. A text that contains more than one sentence is no longer in the realm of grammar, but is instead is in the realm of discourse
and grammar in the article, although we know a small unit but has many benefits in making a sentence.
 articles that we often use, among others, the, a, and s, but we will discuss more about "the" in article
The definite article - the
 The definite article is used before singular and plural nouns when the noun is specific or particular. The signals that the noun is definite, that it refers to a particular member of a group.
the boy, the girl, the cat, the computers
If the following word begins with a vowel, we speak [], if the following word begins with a consonant, we speak [].
the following word starts with a spoken consonant
the following word starts with a spoken vowel
the girl
the English girl
the book
the blue book
the school
the old school
the unit
Here a [] is pronounced at the beginning of the word.
the uncle
Here a [] is pronounced at the beginning of the word.
We have listed some examples in the following table. There you can see when we use the definite article and when we don't.

without the definite article
with the definite article
general words (indefinite)
general words (definite)
Life is too short.
I like flowers.
I've read a book on the life of Bill Clinton.
I like the flowers in your garden.
names of persons on the singular, relatives
family names in the plural
Peter and John live in London.
Aunt Mary lives in Los Angeles.
The Smiths live in Chicago.
public buildings, institutions, means of transport (indefinite)
public buildings, institutions, means of transport (definite)
Mandy doesn't like school.
We go to school by bus.
Some people go to church on Sundays.
The school that Mandy goes to is old.
The bus to Dresden leaves at 7.40.
The round church in Klingenthal is famous.
names of countries in the singular; summits of mountains; continents; towns
names of countries in the plural; mountain ranges; regions
Germany, France;
Mount Whitney, Mount McKinley;
Africa, Europe;
Cairo, New York
the United States of America, the Netherlands; the Highlands, the Rocky Mountains, the Alps; the Middle East, the west of Australia
single islands
groups of islands
Corfu, Bermuda, Sicily
the Bahamas, the British Isles, the Canaries
parks; lakes; streets
name with of-phrase; oceans; seas; rivers
Central Park, Hyde Park;
Lake Michigan, Loch Ness;
42nd Street, Oxford Street
the Statue of Liberty, the Tower (of London), the Isle of Wight;
the Atlantic (Ocean);
the Mediterranean (Sea);
the Nile, the Rhine, the Suez Canal
months, days of the week (indefinite)
months, days of the week (definite)
The weekend is over on Monday morning.
July and August are the most popular months for holidays.
I always remember the Monday when I had an accident.
The August of 2001 was hot and dry.
We use the seasons of the year (spring, summer, autumn, winter) with or without the definite article.
in summer or in the summer
The American English word for autum >fall< is always used with the definite article.
Sometimes we use the article and sometimes we do not. It often depends on the context. Watch the following example:
The student goes to school.
The mother goes to the school.
In the first sentence we do not use the definite article, in the second we do. The student goes to school for its primary purpose, so we do not use the article.
The mother might talk to a teacher, for example. She visits the school for a different reason. That's why we use the definite article in the second sentence
in order to more clearly there are some more examples that may make you more aware ofthe challenge of this article.
 For example:
"The dog that bit me ran away." Here, we're talking about a specific dog, the dog that bit me.
"I was happy to see the policeman who saved my cat!" Here, we're talking about a particular policeman. Even if we don't know the policeman's name, it's still a particular policeman because it is the one who saved the cat.
"I saw the elephant at the zoo." Here, we're talking about a specific noun. Probably there is only one elephant at the zoo.
Count and Noncount Nouns
The can be used with noncount nouns, or the article can be omitted entirely.
"I love to sail over the water" (some specific body of water) or "I love to sail over water" (any water).
"He spilled the milk all over the floor" (some specific milk, perhaps the milk you bought earlier that day) or "He spilled milk all over the floor" (any milk).
"A/an" can be used only with count nouns.
"I need a bottle of water."
"I need a new glass of milk."
Most of the time, you can't say, "She wants a water," unless you're implying, say, a bottle of water.
Geographical use of the
There are some specific rules for using the with geographical nouns.
Do not use the before:
names of most countries/territories: Italy, Mexico, Bolivia; however, the Netherlands, the Dominican Republic, the Philippines, the United States
names of cities, towns, or states: Seoul, Manitoba, Miami
names of streets: Washington Blvd., Main St.
names of lakes and bays: Lake Titicaca, Lake Erie except with a group of lakes likethe Great Lakes
names of mountains: Mount Everest, Mount Fuji except with ranges of mountains like the Andes or the Rockies or unusual names like the Matterhorn
names of continents (Asia, Europe)
names of islands (Easter Island, Maui, Key West) except with island chains like the Aleutians, the Hebrides, or the Canary Islands
Do use the before:
names of rivers, oceans and seas: the Nile, the Pacific
points on the globe: the Equator, the North Pole
geographical areas: the Middle East, the West
deserts, forests, gulfs, and peninsulas: the Sahara, the Persian Gulf, the Black Forest, the Iberian Peninsula.
We have learned many things about the article, especially "the" even though the unit is small but has many functions and make a sentence to be more beautiful, and Make us better understanding in the use of "The" in a sentence.

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