Thursday, January 26, 2012

Tuti Apriani

Tuti Apriani
NPM           : 10211210041
Class / semester : C/3


Today we are going to remind you of the non-fiction types of text. This session is only an introduction to recounts and how to tell a recount from other types of text. There are six main types of non-fiction text: Recount, Instructions, Persuasion, Discussion, Explanation and Non-chronological reports. Each of these types as its own purpose, structure and language features. By knowing these text types you will be able to read and learn to write in these styles. Today we will look at the purpose, structure and language features of Recounts Recounts Purpose: The purpose of a recount is to retell events. The prefix re means again. So to recount is to state again. Structure: There is often an opening or setting a of a scene. E.g. I went to the park. The events in a recount are often in the order that they happen (Chronological order):
I went to the park and I saw a pond. The pond had ducks sitting at the side of it.
A recount will often have a closing statement. E.g. I left the park and went home.
Language features: Recounts are written in the past tense. They can be written in the first or the third person 1st person It is happening to the person writing the recount i.e. I went to the park. 3rd person. An observer is telling it. Tom went to the park, there he saw a pond. The connectives in a recount are often: Next, then, after that.  Recounts focus on what an individual or a group of people were doing. The following are examples of recounts. Newspaper reports
The basic recount consists of three parts:   
The setting or orientation - background information answering who? when? where? why? events are identified and described in chronological order. reorientation which is concluding comments express a personal opinion regarding the events described

The language features of the recount text are:
The language is written in simple past tense frequent use is made of words which link events in time, such as next, later, when, then, after, before, first, Recount text can be occur in the form of personal recount (such as biography), factual recount, or imaginative recount. The major difference between recount and narrative text is the generic structure. If a passage doesn't have a conflict and it retells past events, that is called as a recount text.
Example Recount Text :
On Thursday 24 April we went to the Botanical Garden. We walked down and boarded the bus.  After we arrived at the garden, we walked down to the Education Centre. The third grade students went to have a look around. First, we went to the first farm and Mrs. James read us some information. Then, we looked at all the lovely plants. After that we went down to a little spot on the Botanical Garden and had a morning tea break.
Next, we did sketching and then we met the fourth grade students at the Education Centre to have lunch. Soon after that, it was time for us to go and make our terrariums while the fourth year students went to have a walk.
A lady took us into a special room and introduced herself. Then she explained what we were going to do. Next, she took us to a pyramid terrarium. It was really interesting.
After we had finished, we met the fourth grade students outside the gardens. Then we rebounded the bus and returned to school.

Vacation to London
Mr. Andi’s family was on vacation. They are Mr. and Mrs. Andi with two sons. They went to Bandung. They saw their travel agent and booked their tickets. They had booked fourteen days tour. This includes travel and accommodation. They also included tours around Bandung.
They boarded large Boeing flight. The flight was nearly fourteen hours. On the plane the cabin crews very friendly. They gave them news paper and magazine to read. They gave them food and drink. There was a film for entertainment. They had a very pleasant flight. They slept part of the way.
On arrival at Heathrow airport, they had to go to customs and immigration. The officers were pleasant. They checked the document carefully but their manners were very polite. Mr. Richard and his family collected their bags and went to London welcome desk. They arranged the transfer to a hotel. The hotel was a well-known four-star hotel. The room had perfect view of the park. The room had its own bathroom and toilet instead of keys for the room, they inserted a key card to open the door. On the third floor, there was a restaurant serving Asian and European food. They had variety of food. The two weeks in London went by fast. At the end of the 14-days, they were quite tired but they felt very happy. Purpose : to retell something that happened in the past and to tell a series of past event


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